Over the course of the last year or so, I’ve presented a series of posts on the subject of justification as it is presented by St. Thomas Aquinas and the Council of Trent. What we have seen is unambiguous: namely, that those who claim that the Catholic Church teaches a “works-based” gospel have either not read what the Church teaches, or have failed to understand it, or are outright lying. Nothing could be further from the truth than to say that the Catholic Church teaches that we are justified by works.
For the sake of a better semblance of completeness about the question, I’m going to take a few posts to review what Vatican II has to say that’s related to justification. Fortunately for my readers who are bored by this topic (!) I haven’t found much in the Council’s documents related to it. This makes sense, since Trent is eminently clear. However, there are a few brief passages here and there in Lumen Gentium that will confirm, unsurprisingly, that the Catholic Church teaches now what Trent taught, and what She has always taught.